想打比赛?Yunus来支招 | Check out what Yunus said about BJJ matches

2020-05-29 作者 非本站原创,网络优秀内容摘录
Yunus  

柔术观点分享

原创:Pro. Yunus

汉译:Emily

先来划重点

大家练习柔术到一定阶段,会出于不同原因想要打比赛。有人因为纯粹的热爱希望走上职业化道路,通过打比赛磨砺自己,让一个个目标推动着去做日常的练习。而有些人只是把柔术作为爱好,为了挑战自己或只是享受乐在其中的感觉。
不过,当我提到这些“业余爱好者”时,请不要认为他们只是在玩玩而已。据我了解,在柔术世界里,相当多的“业余爱好者”,甚至有可能比某些专业人士的水平还更高。那么,你的目标并不能真正消除你的能动性、激情、训练强度等等。
平心而论,尽管我之前曾在世界级(亚洲及国家级别)的大赛中获得过奖牌,尽管我以柔术为主业,我却始终没把自己定义为“职业运动员”。我甚至更专注于不断学习、挑战、获得经验和乐趣的过程。从深层意义上看,我也是一个“业余爱好者”。
但打比赛是一种巩固学习内容的形式,是不可替代的。你可能会觉得我就日常训练也能学到挺多东西的啊,但每每当你真正走上赛场,那种莫名地想赢的心态,会激发你在对抗局面里运用所学奋力一搏,才是习武“真正的”挑战和考验。
 
如果你在准备个人的首场比赛,我建议你必须认真对待它,瞄准金牌,尽全力去打拼。
谨记:假如你一开始就抱有“胜败乃兵家常事、第一场么输了赢了无所谓、以学习交流为主”的那种平常心,那么你就很可能打不赢那场比赛。不可忽视自我暗示的力量。
 
然而,从宏观来看,一场比赛仅仅是竞技生涯的一小步。赛后就需要你平常心以对了,赢了输了都没什么大不了的。不用过分喜悦或沮丧。
打完比赛就淡然一点。
全力以赴,胜之以武,精进所学,不断进阶吧。

The Big Picture

People might compete for many different reasons. Some do it professionally, as their main way of livelihood. Some do it as an amateur hoping to build themselves into a professional athlete some day. Some just do it as a hobby, as a challenge or just to have fun.
Don’t take it lightly when I mention these people though.
I know of very high level“hobbyists” in the sport that might be even higher level than some professionals.
So as we can see, your purpose shouldn’t really take away anything from your motivation, passion, training intensity and so on.
To be honest, even though I have medaled in World, Asian and National level tournaments before, I never really took myself much as a “pro athlete”, even though Jiu-Jitsu IS my livelihood. My main motivation was always, learning, challenge,experience, and having fun, always. So in my heart, I’m a “hobbyist” also.
Competition can be an irreplaceable tool for learning. You might think tough training can do it for you as well, but there is nothing like the experience of a real competition against an opponent with definitely have no purpose of letting you win. It will be a “real” challenge and test of your skills.
 
If this is your first tournament, I would hope that you take it serious, prepare the best you can,and fight to win the gold.
Please remember if you accept that “you don’t have to win anyways” at the beginning, you’ll most probably won’t win. Conditioning your mind is key.
 
However, in the big scheme of things, this is only a first, ONE step in your journey. Don’t make a big deal of it once it’s finished.
Do your best, fight to win, learn what you can, and keep moving forward: NO MATTER WHAT THERESULTS WERE.
赛前评估,正确认知

赛前,请尽早全面掌握赛事规则,比赛日程表,赛事禁忌等,并确保比赛日当天的体重数据符合你所对应的重量级标准。

赛前准备真的很虐心,稍有不慎甚至会没法参加比赛,比如犯规,称重不合格,着装不规范等等。别等着别人提示你该怎么做,请确保自己熟悉所有规则。

赛事规则都了然于胸了吗?怎样可以多拿分?怎样制胜?

看到每年有那么多的入门选手去打比赛,却没分析自己是怎么赢的,或是通过哪些战术技巧拿分的,我也是惊呆了。如果您真的想打比赛,包括BJJ赛事,请确保你参透了赛制!

并做好赛前预演,想清楚如何做最基本的攻防、运用站立式技巧、以及缠斗时如何在对方施加降服技时成功逃脱(例如灵活使用侧骑乘式/骑乘式/背后控制/面朝下膝盖跪地做Guard等)。

你总要有自己的赛前策略,想清楚如何临场施展你的技术优势。

牢记比赛的竞技特性。在场上通常会出现技术表现略低于对手的情况,但有人就是能最终获胜,那是因为他的临场发挥能力更强劲。

找准时机弥补重大技术失误,并尽可能早地去想清楚战术。

总的来说,对于柔术入门级学员,我并不建议你去过早涉入和深究这些竞技赛事,特别是在很紧张的备赛期内,压根没必要花精力来让自己的练习去适配赛事。在没有更充裕的时间下,巩固提升现有水平才是正事儿。

Self Assessment

It might be a good idea to, if you have not done so already, to learn about the rules, time schedule, regulations and everything else. Also make sure you’ll be at the correct weight on the competition date.

Nothing suckslike preparing so hard for a tournament, and then not even have the chance to fully compete because you get DQ’ed, you missed weight, had the wrong uniformand so on.

Don’t expect anything from someone else, make sure you know all the rules and regulations yourself.

 

Also do you know the rules of the game? What gives points? How do you even win in a tournament?

I’m amazed to see how many entry level athletes just join in to the tournament every year, without even knowing what wins a match or what gives you points! If you want to play a game, which BJJ tournament also is, make sure you also know the rules of the game!

 

On top of all that, are you aware of what to do from at least the most basic situations? How about your stand-up game? Do you know some escaping moves from all the main control positions?(side mount, mount, back, turtle etc.)

What are you planning to play? What are your strong points?

Remember, this is a game. Technically, it is possible to have worse jiujitsu than your opponent, but still win the tournament because you just played the “game”better.

Make sure you have some time to fill in the biggest holes in your game, and give some thought into your game plan.

 

Lastly, for entry level friends, I don’t recommend trying to learn a totally new game or concept, or adapt it to their competition game in a very short while before the tournament. If you don’t have enough time, it might be a better idea to improve as much as you can that you already have.

安全训练,重中之重

心中牢记:赛后你还要是再持续训练的,得确保安全无损伤啊。另外,你的身体是凌驾于柔术技术的,须时时善用。

每每看到一些选手,他们为了打比赛而受伤,有时还伤的很重。他们是那么的年轻又才华横溢啊,一想到这会对他们的运动生涯带来很深远的负面影响时我就很沮丧,要知道有些人甚至会因伤退赛弃练,不得不过早中断了这项武术训练。所以,对所有选手而言,善待自己、避免受伤、保持身体的最佳状态,这一点至关重要。

我的建议是:多做瑜伽和流动性强的健身课程,复合训练等等,并注重饮食营养和睡眠。

 

 

The importance of 

taking good care of your body

Please keep in mind that after the tournament, you want to keep being able to train, stay healthy and injury free. Also, whatever technique you have in BJJ, it’s your body that you’re going to use them with.

 

I always feel very upset whenever I see athletes that are so young and so talented, already injured badly in an early age, which strongly and negatively affects their future as an athlete, sometimes totally forcing them to retire so early.

 

So for all of the athletes, taking best care of your body, keeping it healthy and injury free, and keep it in the best shape that you can, is crucial.

 

Some good recommendations I can pass on are: Yoga, Mobility based fitness, Compound fitness and so on, backed up with good diet and good rest.

享受过程

如果真想清楚了要打比赛,Ok,去好好准备吧,这将成为一次次值得的体验,学会享受过程,并汲取到你真正想要的东西。

比赛确实妙不可言,在众目睽睽之下奋力拼搏,在教练的指导声中冷静思考,在团队的呐喊声中积蓄能量,这一切将带给你超燃的感觉,肾上腺素飙升,热情涌动的感觉……(怎么写着写着就莫名兴奋起来!)

但事实是,不是非得靠拿冠军才能证明自己的柔术能力。很多优秀的教练们他们其实从未打过比赛哦。打比赛并不是柔术研习的必经之路。

有一个问题要说一下:馆里的学员或社媒的粉丝经常问我,如何应对赛时的运动兴奋。他们在担心这可能带来负面影响。

诚实地讲,如果赛前没有任何兴奋的感觉,那么比赛中同样也没有。这显然有些问题,你不会想要这样的状态。

尽管打了这么多场比赛,我依然会既兴奋,又恐惧,而且因为要比赛了会有热血感。这些感觉让我更有活力,同时我也知道,面临接下来的比赛,我的身体已经准备好了。

知道如何控制它,但不用过分担心或遏制。保持竞赛前那份原始的澎湃动力!

无论如何,希望你更享受备赛和竞技的过程,同时保证安全。反正如果你在馆里看到我老是走来走去,不要忘了打个招呼。

 

祝好运!

 

Enjoying the process

No matter what, just do it if you really want it and you feel like this could be an experience you could enjoy, you can remember and learn from.

 

Competition can be such a great experience, fighting in front of so many people, your coaches shouting for you, your teammates cheering for you, the adrenaline, the rush…

(I feel fired upjust writing this!)

 

But no one has to be a champion to have good jiujitsu. I know of such great athletes or teachers that have never competed before. So don’t make it a thing “you have to do”.

 

A last example Iwant to use is this: Often students or fans ask me, how to deal with excitement, worried that it might be a very bad thing.

 

In my honest and personal opinion, if you don’t feel any amount of excitement before atournament, your heart is not really in it. There is definitely a problem. It’seven possible that you don’t really want to do it.

 

Even after competing all these years, I still feel excitement, fear, a fire burning inside. That makes me feel so alive, and I know it’s just my body preparing me to be in my best for what’s about to come.

 

Learn how to control it, but never worry about it or try to kill it. It might be your passion that you’re killing, and you don’t really want that.

 

No matter what, I hope you enjoy the tournament, stay safe, and if you see me walking around, please don’t forget to come and say hi.

 

Best of luck!

 

 

Yunus Emre 

SHBJJ巴西柔术教练

世纪大道馆主教练

出生地:土耳其

段位:   黑带

Yunus 是Tony Eduardo Lima和Stanley Tam

所授予的黑带教练和比赛选手

也是国内目前最受欢迎的巴西柔术教练之一

在中国,大家都喜欢叫他“大师兄”

作为仍然活跃并成功的比赛选手

他近年的战绩为:

  • IBJJF亚洲公开赛冠军(黑带,master组别)
  • 阿布扎比世界职业赛冠军(棕带,master组别)
  • IBJJF亚洲公开赛冠军(棕带,master组别)
  • 多次GCJJF中国公开赛冠军