什么是巴西柔术?

2020-04-01 作者 非本站原创,网络优秀内容摘录

巴西柔术的起源
巴西柔术(葡萄牙文:Jiu-Jitsu Brasileiro;英文:Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu;又称:BJJ)是一种专攻降伏,以擒技见长,综合格斗竞技与系统自卫于一身的武术。
二十世纪初,肩负拓殖巴西使命,来自日本讲道馆嘉纳治五郎门下的前田光世,将包括(讲道馆柔道)擒技(降伏)战术在内的柔道技术,传授给了巴西人卡洛斯·格雷西Carlos Gracie与鲁伊兹.佛朗萨Luiz França。此后,前者家族中的名将——艾里奥·格雷西,从竞技和实战角度出发,总结出以摔、拿为基础技能,循环、渐进式降伏为基本战术,“以柔克刚”、“以弱胜强”为指导性战略方针的柔术新流派。
如今,巴西柔术不但占据降伏式摔跤(英文:Grappling)战技的半壁江山,更成为综合格斗(英文:Mixed Martial Arts,简称:mma)摔、拿等技战术中的基本元素和组成部分,因此享誉全球、风靡武林。
巴西柔术寓意“柔的法则”。它适用于所有日本武术体系,“柔”即利用灵活性。柔术的特点在于充分利用杠杆,而非与对手抗力、比力。
Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu(also known as: BJJ) is a martial art that specializes in surrendering, excels with capture skills, and integrates martial arts and systematic self-defense.
At the beginning of the twentieth century, shouldering the mission of colonizing Brazil, Maeda Maeda from the Kendo House of Japan’s Kojima, he imparted Judo techniques including (judo hall Judo) tactics (subduction) to Brazilians named Carlos Gracie and Luiz França. Since then, Elio Gracie, a famous celebrity in the former family, has summarized the basic tactics based on falling and holding, and cyclical and progressive fall as the basic tactics from the perspective of competition and actual combat. “Strong” is a new genre of Jiu-Jitsu that guides the strategic approach.
Today, Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu not only occupies half of the combat skills of Grappling, but has also become a basic element and component of comprehensive martial arts (English: Mixed Martial Arts (MMA)). World-renowned and popular in martial arts.
Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu means “the law of softness”. It applies to all Japanese martial arts systems, and “softness” means using flexibility. The characteristic of Jiu-Jitsu is to make full use of leverage, rather than resistance and comparison with opponents.

柔术大师——前田光世
Master of Jiu-Jitsu-Mitsuda Maeda
古柔术及柔道专家
1914年,受日本政府委托,前田来到巴西,帮助日本移民建立移民地。
Experts in ancient jujitsu and judo
In 1914, entrusted by the Japanese government, Maeda came to Brazil to help Japanese immigrants establish settlements.
柔术史上最重要的人物
The most important person in the history of Jiujitsu

卡洛斯·格雷西 Carlos Gracie
(1902 ~ 1994)
真打实斗作为验证技术实用性的哲学思想创造出全新的巴西柔术
巴西柔术创始人
The Philosophical Idea of Real Combat as a Test of Practicality Creates a New Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu
Founder of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu

艾里奥·格雷西(1908至今)
Elio Gracie (1908 to present)
卡洛斯格雷西最小的兄弟
年龄最小、身材最小
巴西柔术基础奠基人
挑战其他武术
证明以小博大的可能性
Carlos Gracie’s youngest brother
Youngest and smallest
Founder of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu Foundation
Challenge other martial arts
Prove the possibility of being small

卡尔森·格雷西( -2006)
Carlson Gracie (-2006)
卡洛斯长子
巴西柔术传扬人
Carlos eldest son
Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu Preacher

巴西柔术的使用原理
How does Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu work
古希腊著名哲学家阿基米德曾有过一句名言:“给我一个支点,我能单手翘起整个地球。”
柔术是建立在你的对手比你高大、强壮的前提下的。一个比你弱小,没有你高大的人多不会在街头向你挑衅。即使他同你动手,在个头和力量上都会处于劣势。所以,如果在街头发生争执,多数对手可假定为比你强壮、高大。你是弱者,因此同对手比力气非明智之举。
喜欢使用蛮力的对手,很容易受到技术高超的打斗者的攻击。尽管力量和力气是非常重要的,但每个人应该首先拥有技术优势。一个技术精湛的人比用蛮力的人更省体力。在恰当的地方、恰当的时机使用杠杆的原理,可以非常省力地达到预期的目的。杠杆原理会让你大大地省力。柔术练习者可使用全身的力量产生杠杆力,对对手最薄弱的部位进行毁灭性的打击。
柔术的核心在于使用有效的技术对付蛮力和侵犯。柔术的哲学提倡预期使用更大的力量抵抗,柔术练习者更喜欢“化”劲,改变对手进攻用力的方向,再反作用给对手。记住:除非你是世界第一壮汉,这个世界上肯定有比你更壮、更重、更大的对手。

巴西柔术最著名的技巧之一
One of the most famous technic in Brazilian Jiujitsu
十字固Armbar
Archimedes, a famous ancient Greek philosopher, once said, “Give me a fulcrum, and I can lift the entire earth with one hand.”
Jiu-Jitsu is built on the premise that your opponent is taller and stronger than you. A person who is weaker than you and taller than you will not challenge you on the street. Even if he works with you, he will be at a disadvantage in size and strength. Therefore, if there is a dispute on the street, most opponents can be assumed to be stronger and taller than you. You are weak and it is not wise to compare your strength with your opponent.
Opponents who like to use brute force are easily attacked by highly skilled combatants. Although power and strength are important, everyone should first have a technical advantage. A skilled person saves more energy than a brute force. The principle of using leverage at the right place and at the right time can be very labor-efficient to achieve the intended purpose. The principle of leverage will save you a lot of effort. Jiu-Jitsu practitioners can use the power of their entire body to generate leverage, which can be devastating to the weakest part of the opponent.
The core of Jiu-Jitsu lies in using effective techniques to deal with brute force and aggression. The philosophy of Jiu-Jitsu advocates anticipating the use of greater resistance. Jiu-Jitsu practitioners prefer to “strengthen” their strength, change the direction of their opponent ’s offensive forces, and then react to their opponents. Remember: Unless you are the strongest man in the world, there must be stronger, heavier, and bigger opponents in this world than you.
巴西柔术的技巧分类
Classification of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu Techniques

巴西柔术最著名的技巧之一
One of the most famous tachnic in brazilian Jiujitsu
三角固/三角锁Triangle
降服技Surrender skill
在巴西柔术中主要运用人体关节反向原理以及杠杆原理将对手制服。如果对手不愿意投降,最严重可导致对手昏厥,断骨。
In Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu, the principle of human joint reversal and the principle of leverage are used to subdue opponents. If the opponent is unwilling to surrender, it can lead to fainting and broken bones.

巴西柔术使用最频繁的技巧之一
One of the most frequently used technic in brazilian Jiujitsu
浮固Knee On Belly
过渡技
Transition skills
过渡技是小编自己取的名字,用来能够更好的理解所使用的位置。
一般过渡技用于动作的转换,比如在防守技、逃脱技转换为降服技的情况下使用。
The transition skill is a name chosen by the editor himself to better understand the position used.
General transition skills are used for movement conversion, for example, when defensive skills and escape skills are converted into surrender skills.

巴西柔术三角锁的逃脱技
Escape from the triangle
防守技及逃脱技
Defensive and Escape Techniques
顾名思义,防守技是在对方没将技巧做出前,作为防守所使用的技巧。逃脱技是指在对方未完成全部技巧,但本人已经预测对方所要做的技巧而做出的逃脱技巧。一般情况下即使动作已经成功,只要本人可以忍受,在未投降状态下,也是可以使用逃脱技的。
As the name implies, defensive skills are used as defensive skills before the opponent makes them. Escape skill refers to the escape skill made by the opponent who has not completed all the skills, but I have already predicted the skills to be done by the opponent. Under normal circumstances, even if the action has been successful, as long as I can bear it, I can still use the escape technique without surrendering.
巴西柔术的段位与授带
Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu’s Rank and Ribbon

根据IBJJF(国际柔术联盟)规定,每个级别都有固定的时间和技巧要求,根据训练者的训练时间和训练程度,教练对应授带。
注意:棕带最高可授蓝带
黑带零段最高可授棕带
黑带二段以上最高可授黑带
蓝带至紫带不可教学
棕带可授少儿柔术
According to the rules of the IBJJF (International Jiu-Jitsu Federation), each level has a fixed time and skill requirements. According to the training time and training level of the trainer, the coach will be given a belt.
Note: The brown Belt can be awarded up to the blue belt
Black Belt Zero degree can be awarded Up to Brown Belt
Black belts with more than two degree can be awarded black belt
Blue Belt to Purple Belt are not teaching
Brown belt can teach jujitsu to children

巴西柔术与明星
Brazilian Jiujitsu and celebrity

保罗.沃克
生前为巴柔棕带,去世后被追授黑带
Paul Walker was brown belt,and was given black belt after his death

陈奕迅Eason Chan

斯嘉丽.约翰逊Scarlett Johansson

范.迪塞尔Vin Diesel

李准基LEE JOON GI